Supporting Public Access TV and Independent Media Producers in South Texas and Across America
By Deborah PotterReligion News Service
LAS VEGAS -- Television ministry used to be the province of a few prominent preachers like Pat Robertson and the late Jerry Falwell. But the business -- and it is a business -- has definitely come of age.
At this year's National Association of Broadcasters convention, the "technologies for worship" pavilion drew hundreds of religious broadcasters, and they are only part of the picture. Industry leaders say there are some 10,000 TV ministries around the country, both big and small.
"If you turn on basic cable, and a public access channel, in communities all over -- not only the United States -- you're going to find churches with a camcorder, a single camera shot, with an on-the-camera microphone, and a pastor who is sincere, who believes the word of God, and has a desire to teach that word and share it with other people," said Rod Payne, media director at First Baptist Church of Wichita Falls, Texas, who attended the NAB convention.
While many ministries start small, lots of others invest big money in television -- from high-definition cameras to digital transmitters, not to mention the airtime. Costs vary depending on distribution.
"If you're going to go ... to a network or something like that, you're going to be really sticker-shocked with the price that's out there," said Brent Kenyon of the Total Living Network.
Some churches, like Frazer Memorial United Methodist Church in Montgomery, Ala., keep their costs down by operating their own low-power stations and selling time to other TV ministries.
"It's a compact little operation but very effective," said John Rogers, director of Frazer's TV ministry, which reaches 100,000 homes 24 hours a day. "It's outreach we feel we can offer that enables folks to become familiar with what church is all about, serving Jesus Christ and to bring them in and be part of the family here."
Like many churches, Frazer relies heavily on volunteers for its TV production crew. It started its operation 24 years ago with donations from local businesses and money from the church budget. Now it offers training to churches that are just starting out.
The TV ministry business is getting so big that many churches have full-time media directors. Some hire consultants to help them develop new programs.
"Most Christian television that you see is very low quality, it's not very good, and a lot of people have issues with it," said Phil Cooke, a consultant who wrote the book "Successful Christian Television." "We want to bring the best of the production world and the best of the media world in with it, and help people do it more effectively and make more entertaining shows."
Many TV ministries get a significant portion of their income from product sales, such as CDs, as opposed to direct appeals for money. They say they have to raise cash to stay on the air, just as public television does.
But that hasn't always been the case. In the early days of religious broadcasting, stations would donate time for programs. One of the pioneers, Roman Catholic Bishop Fulton J. Sheen and his "Life Is Worth Living," eventually attracted a sponsor and drew 10 million viewers.
In the 1960s, under pressure from evangelicals who felt they didn't have equal access, the government ruled that stations could sell time to religious broadcasters. Evangelicals started buying, and now they are the dominant religious presence on television.
The biggest "faith network," Trinity Broadcasting, has more than 12,000 outlets worldwide and claims an audience of more than 100 million.
TV evangelist Joel Osteen's program draws more than 7 million viewers a week and his audio podcast made the Top 10 on iTunes earlier this year. "The Hour of Power," from the Crystal Cathedral in Garden Grove, Calif., estimates its worldwide audience at 20 million a week and its annual cost for airtime at more than $13 million.
"It's an expensive proposition to be on television on Sunday morning, and obviously requires a lot of fundraising, a lot of $20 gifts and $30 gifts from people all over the country, to support that and make that happen," said James Penner, producer of "The Hour of Power."Some TV ministries are organized as churches, some as not-for-profit organizations. Either way, they pay no taxes.
Rusty Leonard, who founded the watchdog group Ministry Watch to track the finances of televangelists, rates ministries on financial efficiency and transparency. Pat Robertson's Christian Broadcasting Network, for example, gets an A for transparency and four out of five stars for financial efficiency.
But some of the biggest names in the TV ministry business -- including the Trinity Broadcasting Network and Benny Hinn -- are on Leonard's watchlist.
"They won't tell you how they're spending the money they're asking you to give," he said. "Your hard-earned money, and they're not going to tell you where it's going. I just don't see why I should give to a ministry like that."
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